Forest School

Our roots in Forest School

Liz Edwards, Muddy Faces founder, has been involved in Forest School since 2000. She became a Forest School practitioner in 2001 and went on to set up one of the first Forest School training companies. In 2007 she launched Muddy Faces to support Forest School leaders and outdoor practitioners to source resources and helpful information.

The organisers of National Forest School Day talked to Liz in 2018, about her inspiration and love of Forest School. Read the short interview here.

Use the tabs below to explore the whys, hows and wherefores of Forest School. If there is anything you would like to comment on or links/resources/information you’d like us to add to this section please contact

Reports, articles, research etc are, as much as possible, arranged in chronological order, most recent at the top.

What is Forest School?

Forest School has become a nationally recognised innovative approach to education. The Forest School movement in the UK is growing and becoming established as a part of many children’s and also adult’s lives.

Forest School embraces the outdoors as an inspirational learning environment and is focused on the child’s learning needs rather than specific outcomes. Children are able to explore and experience the natural world on a regular and sustained basis.

  • Forest School provides a unique way of building confidence and self-esteem, learning new life skills and promoting independence through hands-on learning experiences
  • Forest School programmes are child-led – areas of interest are generated by the children or young people participating. This is achieved through observation and reviewing, which helps practitioners prepare for their following sessions
  • Forest School sessions take place regularly, ideally once a week, throughout the year, in all seasons and all weathers – unless it is dangerous for the session to take place, such as in extreme weather (high winds or lightning)
  • Many Forest School projects successfully integrate the school curriculum whilst following the interests of the group or individuals. This is achieved by considering the curriculum in an enabling outdoor context, using learning and teaching strategies which raise confidence and develop communication skills
  • Where Forest Schools excel, is in supporting ‘the individual’. The Forest School ethos acknowledges individual learning processes and supports participants at their own pace and responds to their requirements and areas of interest. It encourages individuals to build up to a point where they feel they can push their own limits both physically and emotionally. Forest Schools provide a safe yet challenging and stimulating environment full of sensory diversity
  • At Forest School the participants are actively involved with how the programmes develop. This makes experiences relevant to them and has a direct effect on motivation, causing the learning experience to be more emotionally-involved and the learning then routed more deeply .

See the FSA’s What is Forest School for more. You can also visit their Forest School myth busting page for information on what Forest School is not!

An extract from Forest School for All by Sara Knight

“Defining characteristics of Forest School:

In the UK, Forest school is a way of working in an outdoor environment, preferably but not exclusively in wooded settings. This is based on the premise that repeated enjoyable outdoor experiences will have a positive effect on people, including on their potential dispositions for learning or for personal change, for reasons that are still being explored by researchers.”

Forest School For All Cover

Benefits of Forest School

The benefits of attending Forest School are so far-reaching yet also difficult to measure. Below we list some, but by no means all, of the benefits to various aspects of a person’s life or development.

Healthier bodies

• increased frequency of physical exercise
• a challenging environment that helps to develop motor skills
• fresh open air allows dispersal of viruses
• learning to prepare and cook healthy food.

2 Muddy Boys Running Boys

Healthier minds

• space and resources are naturally available, allowing individuals or groups to investigate and problem solve
• an opportunity to be sociable and also to have time alone
• time to just be, where individuals can relax and explore interests
• personal motivation
• a willingness to try new tasks
• the ability to persist at tasks increases.

Boy Sitting On A Tree Trunk

Healthier environment

• an understanding & appreciation of the natural environment through experience
• knowledge of how systems interlink, and how we affect our surroundings
• spending time in the environment and using it to play and learn effects us at a deep level
• this connection with nature opens us up to care more for the environment as adults.

Little girl holding a snail

Healthier future

• many of the skills that develop as a result of spending time at a Forest School are essential life skills that in time will benefit the economy
• children develop determination to complete tasks
• they learn to work together as a team communicating effectively
• the environment stimulates the use of descriptive language, mathematical problem solving, calculating and taking acceptable risks, working towards a personal reward.

Boys In A Paddling Pool Wearing Wellies And Counting Stones

Healthier communities

• Forest Schools can offer the opportunity to involve parents & the wider community in their development & running
• families are more likely to access woodland spaces & spend time playing in and enjoying the outdoors if they have been involved with the development
• often the whole school shifts its approach to outdoor learning as staff have the opportunity to observe children in a different setting
• this has a knock-on effect as techniques can be applied across other learning.

Woman And Girl Walking Through A Grassy Woodland

Forest School Evaluation Project:
A study in Wales

Liz O’Brien & Richard Murray, New Economics Foundation, 2003

Value added benefits

  • rich supply of resources and materials for use in other curriculum areas
  • opportunities to involve parents and wider community
  • chance for staff to observe students in a different setting
  • opportunities for staff to learn new skills, and enjoy the benefits of Forest Schools too!
  • offers an alternative to our over-reliance on digital and electronic sources for recreation, learning, socialising
  • offers an opportunity to become fitter and healthier
  • participants learn to recognise and assess risks for themselves.

History of Forest Schools

In the mid 1990s a cohort of Bridgewater College staff and Early Years practitioners from Somerset returned from an inspiring visit to Denmark, and set about creating their own version of the outdoor play they had witnessed.

Forest School in the UK has evolved and is now very different from the Scandinavian approach it was originally based on. Children in the UK, on the whole, have limited time and access to the outdoors whereas Scandinavian children have access all day everyday. There are a couple of exceptions to this,  where nature kindergartens have been set up to allow children to spend their whole day outdoors. These are, unfortunately, exceptions rather than the norm in the UK.

See the FSA’s History of Forest School for a much more indepth history.

Article: Reading, writing and mud: the growth of Forest Schools

A quick look at the history, an interview with John Blaney, and visits to two Forest Schools. The Telegraph, 8 December 2015.

Article: Forest School: run wild with a new branch of learning

A meeting with John Blaney, Forest School programme manager at Bridgwater College in Somerset, the home of the Forest School concept in the UK, which all began on a research trip to Denmark back in 1993. The Telegraph, 3 October 2013.

Article: A Brief History of the Roots of Forest School in the UK

‘Some Forest School history is fuzzy; to be expected in a social movement with multiple experiences and sparse literature. We tell the story from the writer’s perspectives focusing on some key figures mostly in the UK. To a large extent, Forest School is nothing new in learning outdoors. Forest School roots are often attributed to Scandinavia yet there is a strong family tree in UK culture and elsewhere. The Forest School seed planted by Bridgwater College’s 1993 visit to Denmark grows on centuries-old fertile soil, and it is this ‘soil’ we look at in this first article.’ Jon Cree and Mel McCree, In Horizons (IOL magazine), Winter 2012.  (pdf)

Key organisations

“The professional body and UK-wide voice for Forest School, promoting best practice, cohesion and ‘quality Forest School for all’.

We aim to provide a nationwide base for Forest School Practitioners and those interested in Forest School.”

Works to
• develop & maintain the curriculum content for approved Forest School qualifications
• increase opportunities for people to experience quality Forest School in the UK
• provide a central point for collecting, storing & sharing information about Forest School & good practice in Forest School (including notes on good practice, advice on choosing leaders, and advice on choosing trainers)
• stimulate, store & share practitioner & academic research & learn from it
• work collaboratively with other organisations with similar goals & in related areas.

“We are open to all levels of Forest School professional and all those interested in providing and growing opportunities for people to experience quality Forest School within our UK nations.”

The Forest Education Network seeks to engage more young people in forest and woodland environments by supporting delivery of education in forest and woodland settings, networking and sharing good practice, and facilitating communication between the sectors and practitioners involved.

As a free networking organisation, FEN largely provides an information, signposting and support service for members that are themselves directly involved with providing or promoting forest education opportunities.

FEN is hosted by the Council for Learning Outside the Classroom (CLOtC).

The Forest Education Network covers activities and networks in England. For information about Scotland and Wales see below.

“Forest School Wales is a practitioners network working to ensure that throughout Wales there is sustainable Forest School provision supported by a national network that will nurture the development of projects, offer advice, provide resources, guide best practice and provide continuing professional development.

As a voice for Forest School in Wales we involve members in our regional networking & skillshare gatherings, meetings and online resources while keeping them up to date on current legislation and other events relevant to Forest School. We also help connect members to other organisations involved in Forest School related activities.

We don’t run training or Forest School sessions ourselves.”

Outdoor Learning Wales (OLW) is a national network that aims to increase the understanding, appreciation and sustainable use of Wales’ natural environment.

OLW supports regional network groups working towards:

• developing environmental awareness by understanding, appreciating and using Wales’ natural resources sustainably
• increasing first-hand outdoor learning opportunities in and about the natural environment
• improving physical and emotional well-being through opportunities in the natural environment.

OLW supports individuals and groups who are involved in outdoor learning at a local level. These groups are independent, locally managed and free to join. Members share information and develop resources to deliver projects and events.

OWL Scotland is dedicated to increasing the use of Scotland’s outdoor environments for learning.

Learning outdoors, be in in playgrounds, towns, cities, parks or our stunning natural environments, actively engages young people and connects their broader learning with the world around them.

OWL Scotland is supported by Forestry Commission Scotland and evolved out of the Forest Education Initiative (FEI) which has run successfully for over 20 years.

Nationally OWL Scotland supports outdoor and woodland learning for local OWL groups through provision of :

  • grants
  • resources
  • advice
  • training
  • networking opportunities

Other related organisations

Not strictly Forest School, but with a similar ethos…

In addition you’ll find many relevant organisations on our Methods & Approaches Links page.

American Forest Kindergarten Association

‘Uniting early childhood educators, parents, policy-makers, and other stakeholders in the interest of encouraging children to become attuned with their surrounding natural environment and the American landscape.’

American Forest Kindergarten Assoc Logo

Forest Childcare Association

Childminders giving small children the opportunity to spend time in the great outdoors on a regular basis – members can become Forest Childcare Providers.

Forest Childcare Association Logo

Forest Kindergarten Association

Directory & voice of forest kindergartens across the UK – preschool education where children are encouraged to play, explore and learn in a forest or natural environment. also known as a nature nursery, outdoor nursery, or forest preschool.

What activities happen at Forest School?

Because projects are child-led* there is no set programme – one group may spend spend six weeks looking for insects and getting into insect identification, another group may not show an interest in this area but really want to build a shelter waterproof enough to sleep in, made only of natural materials.

* for more about child-led play read the introduction to our Outdoor Play information page, by Jan White.

Every activity provides a learning opportunity, even simple things like:

• splashing in puddles
• rolling in leaves
• catching rain on a tarpaulin
• building a snow slide
• drying mud out in the sun until it cracks
• sliding down a mud slide
• making mud pies
• looking for worms
• painting on a leaf…

As you can imagine the list of activities at forest school is endless! Check out our Activities section for ideas or to share your favourite activities with others.

Because of the high adult:child ratios and comprehensive training required of practitioners, other more involved activities can also take place, which would be built up to over a long period of time, such as tree climbing, lighting fires, outdoor cooking, low ropes challenges, using tools to make things or to help with construction.

Forest School Superhero Activities – 12 Ideas

‘Practical superhero activities that you can promote in your forest school setting for these superhero addicts amidst your ranks.’  Early Impact, 2019.

10 Forest School Tools Activities

‘Tool play is so important for children, and develops many key skills and abilities. Using tools in forest school allows children to experience danger in the form of risky equipment. It helps them to manage risk, and become completely involved in the activity that they are doing…’  Early Impact, 2019.

Forest School qualifications

There are different levels of Forest School training available, equipping you to carry out different roles.

The qualifications (or Levels) are described below, in general – different training providers may have different criteria, the specific details may be different but overall qualifications will be along these lines.

In order to deliver the Forest School programme at least one Level 3 Forest School Leader is required.

FSA Recognition of Forest School Qualifications

Statement from the Forest School Association, February 2018.

Level 1: introduction to Forest School

Level 1 entitles you to help out at a Forest School setting.

Level 1 is equivalent to D-G grades at GCSE and generally requires a very high percentage of contact time with the learner. The learning outcomes in this unit look at the Forest School approach to learning, the impact of Forest School on the site, and risks and hazards associated with Forest School.

Student entry criteria for Level 1
• Have a current CRB disclosure (or Disclosure Scotland Certificate) after 4 sessions
• Aged 16 and over.

Level 2: Forest School Assistant

Level 2 qualifies you to become a Forest School Assistant, taking a proactive role in helping the Forest School Leader/Practitioner plan and deliver the Forest School programme and support the learners.

Level 2 is equivalent to A*-C grades at GCSE and generally requires at least 60% contact time. It consists of two units both worth 3 credits and requiring 30 notional learning hours.

Student Entry criteria for Level 2
• Have a relevant qualification equivalent to a level 1, or some experience of working with children/young people
• Have a current CRB disclosure (or Disclosure Scotland Certificate)
• Aged 18 and over.
Non-essential but recommended
Have or be in the process of acquiring a current valid First Aid certificate (minimum 2-day ITC or equivalent).

Level 3: Forest School Leader/Practitioner

Level 3 equips you to design and run a Forest School safely and effectively. It is aimed at people who wish to set up a Forest School with children, young people or adults.

Level 3 is equivalent to A Level and can be delivered with less than 50% contact time. The award comprises 3 units and is worth 18 credits amounting to 60 notional learning hours.

Level 3 units are designed to be delivered together as three ‘modules’ to qualify the learner to become a Forest School Practitioner, able to set up and run a Forest School programme.

Student entry criteria for level 3
• Have considerable experience of working with young people
• Age 21 years or over
• Have a level 3 or above qualification (NNEB, Teacher, Play worker or Youth worker) to level 3 or equivalent OR level 2 with a portfolio of at least 2 years experience of working with children/young people in a leadership capacity
• Have a current CRB disclosure (or Disclosure Scotland Certificate)
• Have or be in the process of acquiring a current valid First Aid certificate (minimum 2-day ITC or equivalent), or tailored two-day First Aid in the Outdoors course delivered and certified by a provider registered with HSE
• Appropriate insurance cover and permissions for delivering a Forest School programme with your client group.

In order to qualify you will have to deliver 6 practice sessions.

Forest School teams

Different Forest Schools use different configurations of leaders to run their sessions, eg, two leaders or one leader and one or more level 2 assistants. Smaller groups running onsite may just have one level 3 leader and a couple of parent or staff helpers. It is important that other staff involved with the programme participate in an introductory training session. They may go on to get a qualification.

In schools

Leaders do not necessarily need to be teachers, other staff can often schedule time for the preparation and delivery of Forest School more easily. To help the development of Forest School within a particular setting it is useful for all staff to experience an introductory session so they can understand and support the benefits reaching across the whole setting and curriculum. The Forest School leader works with the school or setting staff to continue themes looked at in the classroom into the woodland and vice versa.

You do NOT need a Forest School qualification to take your group on trips to the woods, this can be arranged through your setting’s normal visit procedures.

Choosing a trainer

In the UK there are many Forest School Training Providers, running training programmes under different awarding bodies – OCN, BTEC, NCFE to name a few. We recommend that you research potential training providers thoroughly.

Things to consider

Recommendation: if you do not know of anyone personally, go onto some forums and ask about training providers: maybe ask about some of the things outlined below…

After-training support

For many the training is the easy bit; completing the portfolio is more difficult – whether that be due to time constraints or, for some, lack of support from trainers, it can be a problem.

How will you be supported after the training to complete your portfolio? Finding a local trainer with local students is good for this as you can get together now and then and work on bits of the portfolio.

There is a portfolio support facebook page: Level 3 Forest School Portfolio Building and Essay Writing Support Group

Does the trainer come out to your site to carry out assessments?

Completion rates: contact the training company and ask how many people pass their course as a percentage, and what support they offer to help with completion. What is the support in addition to contact time with the trainer?

Location: is the course local? Are the people attending local to you? This can be a great support when trying to complete your portfolio as you can meet up. Also, after the course is finished, you’ll have created a local support network as you develop your Forest School. How well tied-in is the course provider to local support networks?

Experience: What experience does the trainer running the course have of delivering Forest School to a variety of groups over a sustained period of time? How long ago did they last deliver a full programme to children?

Becoming a Forest School Trainer

There are a few different routes available to become a trainer and you will need to satisfy the requirements of the awarding body to set up independently or do a Level 4 qualification, which should also require that candidates have the correct experience and qualifications. (Be aware Different companies have different tie-ins once you have completed the Level 4 qualification).

Forest School Leader Training video

The One Show’s Mike Dilger goes to the woods to talk to Forest School students about what they have learnt on the Leaders training course and how they will apply this with their groups. (6mins 46)

Forest School training providers

These are providers that we have an active relationship with, sharing resources and information. There are many more trainers available and we recommend you do your own research and checks as mentioned in the Forest School training section on the tab above.

At Play in the Woods

Brockley, near Bristol.

Brightwood Training Forest School

Based near Swindon, works across Oxon, Wilts, Glos, Berks & the UK.

Down the Woods



Near Canterbury, Kent.

Essex Wildlife Trust

Great Wigborough, Essex.

Forest School SNPT

Swansea, Neath and Port Talbot.

Get out of the Classroom

Dudley, West Midlands.

Go Wild Education

Wye Valley Sculpture Garden, Tintern, S Wales.

Green Bow Training

Kingston-Upon-Thames, London, UK & Europe.

Green Earth Learning

Chelmsford, Essex.

Green Light Trust

Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk.

The Hive

Rotherhithe, London.

Holmsdale Manor



Dare Valley Country Park, Aberdare.

Kindling Play and Training

Eden Valley, Cumbria and across the UK.

Mindstretchers Academy

Crieff, Scotland.

Muddy Feet Training

Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire.

Natural Choice Group

Yorkshire and Humber.

Scotswood Garden

Newcastle Upon Tyne.

SE Wales EAS

South East Wales – Blaenau Gwent, Caerphilly, Monmouthshire, Newport and Torfaen.


Fort William.

Surrey Wildlife Trust

We run our courses on our Nature Reserve in Guildford and our Education Centres in Leatherhead and Godstone.

Sussex Wildlife Trust

East & West Sussex.

Urban Outdoor Learning

Birmingham & West Midlands.

Where the Fruit Is


Wild Learning

East & West Midlands.

Woodland Survival Crafts

Dave Watson, Derbyshire.

Articles & news

If you have any information you would like to add to this list please let us know via

Challenging Behaviour – A balanced brain means a pro social mind

Jon Cree explores what is a ‘balanced brain’, and how Forest School can help bring the brain into balance and the child regulate their behaviour. Circle of Life Rediscovery Blog, 27 March 2019.

Tide’s out, school’s in: the many benefits of beach teaching

‘Following forest school, latest trend in getting children to learn outdoors is beach school’. The Guardian, 7 January 2019.

Forest School: 9 ways children benefit from learning and playing outside

‘Nature-based learning is a growing phenomenon. Leaders from the Forest School movement outline its key benefits.’ 10 June 2018.

Using the outdoors as a classroom: Forest School approach being explored in Kenora

‘Being outside ‘makes us happier beings’ and more attentive says principal of Keewatin Public School.’ Nice description of how the curriculum is being taken outdoors at a school in Ontario. CBC (Canada), 3 April 2018.

Return to old habits as babies encouraged to sleep outside in fresh air

Parents & nurseries influenced by the Forest School approach are leaving their children outside to sleep. “The health benefits of children just being outdoors & physically active is enormous & there is no evidence that any harm occurs provided babies are well-wrapped and not cold.” The Telegraph, 3 February 2018.

Nature Preschools and Kindergartens at Record Numbers in the U.S.

‘A new national survey of nature-based early childhood educators found that the number of nature preschools and forest kindergartens operating in the U.S. is at an all-time high.’ This article examines the findings. Natural Start Alliance (US), 17 November 2017.

Wood Wise – nature inspires education

‘In this issue teachers and practitioners share their approaches to integrating nature with education.’ Articles include: Learning and development through forest school; Educating primary schools through Teaching Trees; and Bringing outdoor learning to life. Journal of the Woodland Trust, Autumn 2017.

magazine cover - a group of children in school uniforms walking away through long grass

See the outdoor nursery rated ‘outstanding’ where children saw wood & cook on open fires

‘The Elves and Fairies Woodland Nursery is seen as bucking Britain’s ‘cotton-wool’ culture with its learning through nature ethos.’ The Mirror, 17 April 2017.

Open fires and pointy sticks: the rise of Scandi-style nurseries in the UK

An exploration of Forest School and its benefits, with a focus on Little Forest Folk in Wimbledon, London. The Telegraph, 6 April 2016.

Meet the hunky headmaster who teaches kids to use a shotgun

Focus on a primary school in East Sussex using Forest School sessions and animal husbandry with its children. The Telegraph, 7 February 2016.

a man in a field wearing a fur coat

Preschool Without Walls

Extended article looking at the experience and reasons for the growth of outdoor kindergarten and child-led learning in the United States, including one critical voice. New York Times, 29 December 2015.

Inside the Scandinavian-style forest schools…

How Wildwoods Forest School in Surrey works, and what the parents and children think. Daily Mail, 10 November 2015.

Forest Schools: education in the great outdoors

Inspiring article looking at the history (it started in Wisconsin) and benefits of Forest School, with examples in Vermont and Ontario. Outdoor Families Magazine (US), 9 September 2015.

The Forest School revolution: leaves, logs and life skills

‘Outdoor learning is challenging traditional education root and branch, by teaching children self-esteem, team work and how to value nature.’ The Guardian, 21 April 2015.

Forest schools: fires, trees & mud pies

Outdoor nurseries are sweeping the UK, their focus on fresh air and child-centred learning rather than testing. But can they prepare children for our technology-obsessed world? The Guardian, 9 December 2014.

Better out than in: Westgarth bush kindergarten plunges kids back into nature

Snapshot of a day at Westgarth – ‘the pioneers when they established the bush kindergarten three years ago, but it’s a concept that has spread like wildfire; there are at least eight now in Melbourne and regional Victoria and that number is growing.’ The Age (Aus), 18 July 2014.

How can teachers introduce forest school principles to their curriculum?

Includes tips from the FSA’s Jon Cree, as told to The Guardian, 13 May 2014.

Outdoor lessons in winter

Don’t let snowy and wintry conditions put you off outdoor learning. Snow, rain and frost can offer the perfect settings for inspiring and outstanding lessons. The Guardian, 29 January 2013.

Saving childhoods in the forest

Lovely living example of how the learning process at Forest School works. The Guardian, 28 June 2012.

Forest gumption

Why children should take lessons outdoors.
Looking at the Forest School movement, with visits to Govan High School‘s autism unit in Glasgow and full-time outside Secret Garden Outdoor Nursery in Fife. The Independent, 11 February 2010.

For Forest Kindergartners, Class Is Back to Nature, Rain or Shine

A nourishing record of a day with young children in their outdoor setting in Saratoga Springs NY, with a look into why the resource exists.  New York Times, 29 November 2009.

Waldkindergärten: the forest nurseries where children learn in Nature’s classroom

A look at German forest kindergartens and their benefits. The Telegraph, 18 October 2008.

Trees of knowledge

‘If you go down to the woods, you’re sure of a special lesson.’ Looking at the school curriculum and Forest Schools. The Guardian, 7 August 2001.

Blogs & websites

A selection of Forest School-related bloggers and websites. If you know any great Forest School websites or blogs please let us know via


Fagley Primary Forest School

Primary school in Bradford, Yorkshire, blogging about Forest School sessions since 2011.

Forest School at Bearwood School

Primary school in the Midlands, blogging about their Forest School sessions since 2011.

Bearwood Primary School Logo

Forest Schooled

Weekly posts linking Forest School experiences with theories and research on education, child development, and general human nature…


Farming their land for 3 generations, and blogging about their award-winning Forest School since 2011.

Free Rangers logo

Little Forest Folk 

Fully-outdoor forest nurseries that immerse two to five-year-olds in nature, helping them become creative, resilient little learners.

Kindling play & training

‘Deliver adventurous, playful and creative experiences for children and young people in the outdoors.’ Loads of fab ideas in their blog section.

Kindling logo

Related websites

A few other websites that may not be directly related to Forest School but have lots of related info that should be helpful…
See our Outdoor Play links section for loads more useful links to organisations & initiatives.

Creative star – I’m a teacher get me outside here!!

We always mention this site as it is so comprehensive and well written. If you haven’t already seen it this is a great blog site for all areas of being outdoors with your groups. Any questions just ask Juliet – she is so knowledgeable and helpful 🙂

Creative Star Logo

Get Out More CIC

“…  a social enterprise with a mission to help people engage with nature to feel better about themselves in mind and body, in other words, we want people to get more out of life through getting outdoors.”

Get Out More Logo

Nature Detectives blog

Seasonal activities and inspiration from this excellent resource from the Woodland Trust.

Nature Detectives logo


a selection of books about Forest SchoolWe’d love to hear about the books that have inspired you or informed your Forest School practice. Please send your recommendations or short reviews to

We have a great range of Forest School books in our shop, from research and pedagogical approaches to practical guides and inspiration. All our books have been read by our team, and we are happy to recommend them.

Reports & research

If you have any information you would like to add to this list please let us know via

Breeze Research Project

Using the FS approach to improve the emotional wellbeing of children & young people – working with two specialist schools with young people currently unable to participate in mainstream education due to extreme anxiety and/or behavioural and emotional difficulties. Scotswood Natural Community Garden (SNCG), c2018.

cover of a research report

Forest School Research

Great summary of recent research into the range of benefits of Forest School and being outdoors, with references and links, from Nest in the Woods.

Nest In The Woods Logo

Study reveals how Forest Schools can benefit children’s development

Forest Schools are a growing phenomenon in the UK, but what impact does getting children outside of the classroom have on their overall development? Short video and written summary of educational outreach work undertaken by Loughborough University. 18 October 2017.

Well-being in the Woods

Excellent report from Jon Cree – it summarises the Forest School Association 2017 conference, but also asks the question ‘ What does Forest School have to contribute to health and well-being?’ and considers Jules Pretty’s three types of engagement to increase regular attentiveness and immersion – Nature engagement; Social engagement; and Craft engagement.

Outdoor learning spaces: the case of forest school

“The research shows that the outdoor space provides new opportunities for children and teachers to interact and learn, and revealed how forest school leaders and children co-create a learning environment in which the boundaries between classroom and outdoor learning, teacher and pupil, are renegotiated to stimulate teaching and learning.” Frances Harris, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, 10 May 2017.

Nature Preschools & Forest Kindergartens: 2017 National Survey

Full report of the ‘national survey of nature-based early childhood educators. More than 250 nature programs … serve approximately 10,000 children every year … However, the survey also suggests that the programs do not reflect
the cultural and linguistic diversity of our nation.’ Natural Start Alliance (US), 2017.

Nature Preschools And Forest Kindergartens Survey report cover

Forest Research: children & young people’s engagement with nature

Exploring how children & young people experience nature, including trees & woodlands, & how this can potentially lead to a wide range of health, wellbeing & learning benefits. Forest Research, started 2005, ongoing.

A critique of Forest School: Something lost in translation

This critique is written in the spirit of engaging in robust discussion and debate around Forest School in order to see the difficulties addressed and the positive contributions continue. Sections include • Forest School as a social construction • Forest School pedagogy • The commodification of Forest School • The positive aspects of Forest School. Mark Leather, University of St Mark & St John, Plymouth, September 2016.

Impacts of Long Term Forest School Programmes on Children’s Resilience, Confidence and Wellbeing

This research study analysed articles, research studies and case studies on outdoor learning and then evaluated the impacts of long term Forest School programmes on children’s resilience, confidence and wellbeing. It established that long term Forest Schools programmes had positive impacts on children’s resilience, confidence and wellbeing. Sarah Blackwell, Get Children Outdoors, c2015.

Otterhead Forest School, Taunton – Forest School for young teenagers

Research focus: to observe and document the impacts of the Forest School (FS)  process on the wellbeing of young people, especially those who only came for six sessions, rather than longer term participants.’ Part of the Good From Woods Project, 2014.

Contemporary issues in Forest Schools

Fully-referenced report explains the philosophy behind Forest Schools, why it’s been introduced in England & its relevance to the Early Years National Curriculum. It outlines the history & benefits of FS in the Early Years, how it can address current crises in the UK, and explains the problems encountered in delivering the initiative. The WritePass Journal, 1 December 2012.

Forest of Avon Trust – City of Bristol College – Forest ‘School’ for young people

Investigating ‘the potential impacts on health and wellbeing of woodland activities provided in Forest School-style sessions. Research carried out with a group of young people with learning difficulties.’ Part of the Good From Woods Project, 2011.

Forest of Avon Trust – ShireLink – Forest ‘School’ for adults

‘Forest School is promoted nationally as playing a beneficial role in child development, but less attention is given to its potential benefits for adults. This study worked with a group of adults with learning disabilities who attend a daycare centre in Bristol.’  Part of the Good From Woods Project, 2011.

Can Forest School Act as a Spur to Better Quality Outdoor Experiences?

Report summing up Forest School, some of the research into its benefits, and some challenges. By Sara Knight, Anglia Ruskin University, c2009.

Forest School: a marvellous opportunity to learn
full report / summary

Participatory action research capturing the link between Forest School activities in England and Wales and their impact on children. Impacts on children: • confidence • social skills • communication • motivation & concentration • physical skills • knowledge and understanding. Wider impacts: • new perspectives • ripple effects. Liz O’Brien and Richard Murray for the Forestry Commission, c2007.

Forest School and its impacts on young children: Case studies in Britain

The research highlights that children can benefit in a range of ways. Six themes emerged from the data of the positive impacts on children in terms of confidence, social skills, language and communication, motivation and concentration, physical skills and knowledge and understanding. Liz O’Brien & Richard Murray, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 6 (2007) 249–265.

Evaluation of Forest School: Phase 2 – England

Such enthusiasm – a joy to see. Outlines what Forest School is, how it came into being in Britain and what children do at Forest School, and explores the benefits and impacts of Forest School on children over an extended period of time. Forest School Research, October 2005.

Such Enthusiasm - report cover

Forest School Evaluation Project: A Study in Wales

For children taking part there is a link between Forest School activities carried out in a specific environment and six specific, positive outcomes that relate to their self-confidence, self-esteem, team working, motivation, pride in, and understanding of their surroundings. Richard Murray, New Economics Foundation, April to November 2003.

Forest School Evaluation Project Cover

Why woodland?

The ethos of Forest Schools can be applied to any environment: in a field at the back of your setting or on a beach – the emphasis of Forest School is the approach to the individual’s development and any outdoor environment can provide many of the resources you need to do this.

Woods are a special place for humans; we are linked to the woods as a place to forage for and find food to shelter and live. In more recent history the woods were important for providing employment (building ships and houses). It is only a relatively new way of living that has disconnected us from these wonderfully places, so diverse and rich.

little boy carrying a big stick in the woods

Groups and individuals are often much more relaxed in a woodland environment (after the initial excitement/novelty has reduced). Woodlands are a fantastic learning environment: resource-rich, sheltered, challenging yet safe (as long as they are properly maintained). Woods are often close to local communities, and forever changing. Changes happen throughout the year, daily, weekly, seasonally and can even change during the session.

Woods provide a challenging, comfortable and exciting place to learn.

Seeing the wood for the trees

Woodlands as a tool for engaging people with the natural environment. ‘Woodlands provide significant opportunities for those who would not usually spend time outdoors to encounter and discover the natural environment.’ Natural England, 2013.

Seeing The Wood For The Trees Report cover

Good from Woods case studies

‘The Good from Woods research project (Plymouth University) explored how people are benefiting, personally and socially, from woodland activities in southwest England. Initiatives that deliver woodland activities recorded how participants feel about their experiences in order to build an evidence base.’ 15 case studies from a range of work, in various outdoor settings, with children, young people and adults with learning difficulties. c2011.

How a walk in the woods could do you good

The concept of “forest bathing” is becoming popular in the West, but it originates from Japan. It is the art of how trees can help you find health and happiness. Dr Qing Li, an expert in the field, has been looking at the science behind how trees can improve wellness through emitting essential oils into the environment. 25 April 2018. (2 mins 38)


A collection of films to inspire you. If you know of any other great Forest School related videos please let us know via

Best Day Ever

Engaging & inspiring film about a school in Vermont running Forest Fridays – with descriptions of benefits and skills development, words from teachers and parents, and comments from Joan Almon from the Alliance for Childhood, 2018. (15 mins 36)

video capture of a girl hanging upside down off a branch in a woodland

An Introduction to Forest School

Jemma Robinson from Robinson’s Discovery Tree speaks passionately and articulately about the Forest School approach and the benefits it brings children and the whole family. Filmed at Tortworth Arboretum. 28 November 2017. (5 mins 44)

Kids Gone Wild: Denmark’s Forest Kindergartens

Children are running wild in the mud, climbing high into trees and playing with knives, but no one is telling them off. This is kindergarten… Danish-style. 2016. (11 mins 33)

Nature Kindergarten – Frances Krusekopf – TEDx talk, Victoria

‘Inspired by her child’s experience in a forest preschool in Germany, Frances Krusekopf has developed a pilot project for kindergarten children to take their learning outdoors. The Nature Kindergarten pilot project is held in the Sooke School District (of British Colombia, Canada).’ 2015. (17 mins 03)

What is Forest School?

This short video answers the question “what is forest school” and gives an introduction to the subject, by forest school leaders and also the children who attend and why they love it. It is a useful resource for teachers, or parents looking for ideas for children’s activities outdoors. From Woodland Classroom, 2015. (5 mins 08)

Why Kids LOVE Forest School & Outdoor Play

‘Children tell us in their own words why they love playing outside in nature at their Forest School club.’ From Woodland Classroom, 2015. (5 mins 57)

Early Years Forest School

“A lovely little video showing off what we’ve been up to this year so far at our forest schools in Cornwall.” From Naturally Learning, 2014. (3 mins 40)

Growing and Forest School: Redlands Primary School, Tower Hamlets

The school has a wild garden that is used by nursery pupils as part of Forest Schools to encourage them to discover different parts to the garden — the pond, plants, birds, creatures. The garden is also used regularly by different classes to bring the curriculum to life. Redlands Primary School, 2014. (4 mins 04)

Reflections Nursery: Movement & Stillness in the Forest

Beautiful short film which demonstrates the thinking and learning that happens in a Forest School session, by documenting moments of stillness and movement, thinking and play at Reflections nursery in Worthing, 2014. (7 mins 46)

School’s Out: Lessons from a Forest Kindergarten

This short documentary film takes us to a forest kindergarten in Switzerland where children age 4 to 7 spend every day outside in the forest. 2013. (6 mins 22)

Arctic Outdoor Preschool

Why not give a 5 year old a sharp knife? Or a box of matches? Or let them climb a tree? The benefits of outdoor preschool education, even in the Arctic north of Norway. 2012. (1 min 59)

Ten things you should know about Forest School

Brooklyn Forest School offers outdoor classes for parents and their toddlers in Prospect Park. The children play in the dirt, search for wildlife and run across the park’s wide open meadows. 2012. (2 mins 16)

Forest Schools Early Years

Nice exploration of Forest School and how it can link to school & curriculum in the UK. 2011. (13 mins 46)

Stroud School – Forest School

‘Putting the spotlight on outdoor learning at Stroud. To let prospective parents see what happens during Forest School sessions and what sort of skills the children are acquiring.’ 2011. (3 mins 40)

South Lanarkshire Council Forest Kindergarten

Looking at a project where ‘Pupils from St Paul’s Nursery climb trees, make dens, hunt for treasure and explore the local woods assisted by Forestry Commission and Countryside Rangers.’ 2010. (5 mins 41)